The Confucian tradition, which began during the Han dynasty (202 BCE-220 CE) strongly stressed that all of society, including the government, could be run according to the principles of the family. The family was the moral and political model for all organizations. The commonly used phrase ??§blood is thicker than water?? holds true in China. The biological bond between parents and children could not be matched by any other relationship. Master K??¦ung, the first Confucius master, recognized five fundamental relationships in society. These relationships are between state and citizen; between father and son; between husband and wife; between elder brother and younger brother; and between friends. Of the five relationships Chinese people placed the most emphasis on the father-son relationship. This emphasis celebrated the idea of filial piety. Filial piety came to be the most powerful force to maintain the order of society. The family and filial piety were the basis for all of Chinese society and government. This is illustrated, in the Book of Filially through the views of Master Kung.
According to Chinese tradition, filial piety was the primary duty of all Chinese. Being a filial son meant complete
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